Because the screen is the only well-lit mirror in town

Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Tigron and Taboo: the Freudian Dream Theater of FLASH GORDON (1936) + Aura the Merciful


The murky Freudian sexuality of dreams sometimes creates a kind of bilateral lurching movement, as if drunkenly crashing sideways through a row of Natural History Museum dioramas. Crashing through each thin wall we tumble through shallow and dimly imprisoning landscapes, giddy warm panorama of exotic wonder--shallow yet vast, static yet propulsive. In their weirdly other nature, these dioramas are neither indoors nor out, but a strange combination of the two, as if the whole world was now under one roof, yet offering the same limited depth of field of, say, a low budget film or TV soundstage. It was the original STAR TREK's great genius to understand this: their alien planet surfaces never had much depth of field, but in their surreal staginess-- a few foam rocks with a weird tree growing between to evoke a whole planet, a strangely-colored sky backdrop--offered a cozy 'small world' interiority, creating a vibe like when we're kids imagining sneaking off into the diorama one of those haunted Disney log rides; it was only when TREK went out of doors, in the desert canyon scrub, that mundane reality seemed to intrude. Those were never as fun--they never tapped into the dreamy sexual current. Sexual dreams, it seems, are almost always indoors.

This was all brought home to me after recently re-watching Universal's original 1936 serial of FLASH GORDON. Instead of masking its poverty with one too many half-assed fist fights and talky stretches, the way so many later serials did, FLASH packs in imaginative cliffhangers, monsters, fights, ray guns, death beams, hypnosis, giant lizards, allies and foes, and most importantly, sex, in every chapter. Overflowing with pulp-sexy gonzo shoestring madness, this original 13-chapter groundbreaker captures the semantics, lurid subtext, sketchy detail, and tumble-over-itself breathless pacing of pre-adolescent 'ur-sexual' dreams, or especially (as per Freud), a prepubescent male's first erotic pangs - the magnetic jouissance that has no outlet (the orgone energy and erotic focus is yet to cohere in the genitals, so roams throughout the body, diluted but present everywhere at once, leading to polymorphous perversity). Flash might be aimed at the younger viewer, but it's not aimed at keeping them children. Just as Zarkov blasts Flash, Dale, and himself to Mongo to save the Earth, the film blasts us off to adulthood at the sight of Jean Rogers' bare midriff, back pressed against the throne room wall as the heartily-laughing/leering King Vultan of the Hawkmen advances towards her, as crazed with desire as we are. Our brains scrambled and entire body alive with rocket fuel jouissance, this serial lifts us out of snot-nosed, ice cream truck-chaser phase and onto a semi sexually awakened pre-teen plateau. Just pulling a girl's hair so she chases you around the playground is suddenly no longer enough, but we have no earthly idea where else to go from there. We go from wild to awkward, and from Marvel and DC superheroes to racy shit like Heavy Metal and Vampirella. But unlike them, Flash is not puerile or pandering. It's still made after the code. There are rules, and within those rules an understanding of how rules are sexy.

AURA

Kim Morgan's excellent New Beverly piece on the remake, her startling praise for the color red and the progressive awesomeness of Ornellea Mutti as Aura in the 1980 Sam Hodges' remake, inspired me recently to revisit both that film and the earlier original series. Though considered just a post-Star Wars imitation (though really it's Star Wars that's the Flash imitation), the remake has stood the test of time as a pinnacle in utilizing kinky pulp magazine ur-sexuality (1) in the service of kid-friendly feminism, and that's especially due to Aura. The kinky daughter whose 'appetites' are never censured by her amoral hedonistic tyrant father, she makes the myth work as more than just empty male fantasy. It's her growth from nymphomaniac to loyal friend of Flash and Prince Barin that charts the film's real story evolution. Flash is little more than an impetus, the union rep, while Aura is Norma Rae.  

Alas, the Aura archetype has been all but hounded out of the sci-fi fantasy sphere these last 30 years. Certainly there's no one remotely like her in the Star Wars, or Lord of the Rings cycles, nor Harry Potter --where women are but wallpaper or banal figures of 'goodness' and purity, representations of institutions (void of humor and wise flexibility of male officials) or sidekick girlfriends. Even the Marvel universe tends to prefer male super-villains, and though the many female superhero characters are well-sketched in for the most part - they never occupy Aura's unique 'centrist' position as the engineer of the action, beyond good and evil, motivated by a desire for Flash that transcends any concern for her own safety or loyalty to her father. She may be Ming's daughter, but if not for her interference Flash would be dead after the first episode. Earth woman Dale is certainly not going to help, she's more like Flash's cheerleader and imperiled rescuee, but Aura jumps in the ring with the monsters. Flash saves Dale but Aura saves Flash. She risks her own life time and again to keep him safe, and to pay her loyalty back (in lieu of sex) he must always spare her father Ming even if presented with the chance to run him through with a sword. 

As a result, the four of them become locked in a kind of continual imperil-and-rescue circle very similar to how children's war games are played. Neither Dale nor Flash nor Ming nor Aura are ever in possession of their desire, but chase each other around the planet and its various kingdoms, always granting each other a pass due to family blocking. Aura is the center of the wheel: she makes sure Flash stays alive, diving into pits and dragon's lairs after him - but has no interest in helping Dale and indeed actively works against her, as she rightly sees her as a rival. So in this round robin: Flash makes sure Dale is safe from Ming while he refuses the advances of Aura (who is undeterred); Ming tries to kill Flash for cockblocking him with Dale; Aura prevents her father's killing Flash; Ming doesn't want to fire on Flash if daughter Aura in the way; Flash doesn't want to kill Ming because it would hurt Aura, so forth, round and round the 13 chapters they go. When I see it now it reminds me of similar chains of childhood obsession I was part of, wherein the younger sister of a neighbor followed me around in a kind of pre-tween nonsexual crush while I, smittenly followed her older sister (my age but more mature) and she in turn mooned after the boy chasing her still-older sister, and so on, eventually ending with the oldest, cutest girl as the head of a mighty serpent, with whatever tyke was loping after the sister loping after me as the tail (and the older sister ever looking out for the youngest as de facto babysitter). In Flash, father and daughter are a two-headed snake. Easily the most pro-active and ingenious character in the series (Ming can only assign and delegate, Dale can only adopt a stricken pose and shout Flash's name from the sidelines, and Flash can only escape Aura's embrace to go chasing off to Dale's rescue) the series should really be called "Aura, Princess of Mongo." 


"Because I like you."
Aura is unusual even in usual women characters, neither villain nor hero. Villainesses in other fantasy films tend towards the devouring monsters of narcissism and ice queen sociopathy (Charlize Theron in Snow White and the Huntsman, Nicole Kidman in The Golden Compass, Jessica Chastain in Crimson Peak, Julianne Moore in Hunger Games, Kate Winslet in Divergent, etc.) If they should, as Aura does, learn a 'better' way, less evolution-based and more sisterhood - then they go 'un-sexed' ala Angelina Jolie in Maleficent or Elsa (Idina Menzel) in Frozen--they don't get to display uninhibited carnality and be powerful, manipulative but ultimately good-hearted, complexly cross-hatched, flawed but courageous, fallible but larger than life. Only in Big literature adaptations like Wuthering Heights or Gone With the Wind  are genuinely complex females allowed to mature uncorrupted by the vile touch of unsexy censorship. But in sci-fi and fantasy, where have they gone? Is Aura really the only one of her kind?

Just try to picture Luke's survival if the Emperor was smart enough to send some foxy enemy seductress out to get him, or the Emperor smacked his lipless gums at the thought of buying the scantily clad Leia from Jabba (who's too fat and abstract to represent any real sexual menace). Instead, rather than risk seeming too sexist to the blue state feminists or too sexy to the red state bible thumpers, the current franchises avoid the sexually active "chaotic neutral" female altogether. Women-aimed films featuring female characters with real guts and condoned desire, as in Twilight or Vampire Academy are as maligned by fandom as my crew used to revile Archie and Charlton's Modern Romance comics, reflecting the troll boy fear of all but the most servile and extraneous of feminine archetypes. 

For Star Wars, Lucas raided the Flash Gordon serial crayon box and took almost everything except the Aura red. Alone there it now stands, a relic from a bygone era when desire was still allowed to exist in the heart of strong beautiful amoral women who didn't even have to die as penance. But censors needn't get into such hissy hysterics; we viewers--especially as young boys--don't judge Aura for her carnality, far from it. In both versions we judge Flash for being such a prude that he'd deny the desires of a hot babe who just saved his life, especially in favor of a square helpless Earth woman he met a mere chapter earlier. In the remake, Aura even suffers the bore worm torture rather than rat out the coroner who helped her smuggle Flash to freedom (via the old 'slip the condemned man into a death-like coma' drug). All Flash can do to pay her back is inadvertently tip off Ming's goons to her machinations by telepathically linking with Dale instead of satisfying the lusts of his liberator like a true gentleman. 


Another 'red queen' - Fah Lo Suee- Fu Manchu's daughter
Aura represents "the Red Queen", the root CinemArchetype, and what's sad about it isn't that she's too adult, too far along on the current of budding sexuality, but that in denying her kind to the boys of today we're keeping them held in a kind of sexual check, the kind that moves from snickering doofus in junior high to rapey jock frat boy, and so forth, with never a soul to tell them a sexual, intelligent and aggressive woman need not be crushed like a spider found suddenly under a lifted math book. In Alex Raymond's strip, just as Ming is derived clearly from Fu Manchu, Aura is derived from his insidious, super-sadistic daughter, Fah Lo Suee (most memorably played by Myrna Loy in MGM's shockingly racist 1932 pre-code Mask of Fu Manchu). I'm not sure if author Sax Rohmer himself had a source for her awesome evil,  if Fah Lo Suee was just a mainstay archetype of kinky "men's adventure" pulp miscegenation fantasies, written perhaps by xenophobic shore-leave sailors too high to figure out how to escape their berth in a Shanghai opium den/brothel. There was the Dragon Lady in Terry and the Pirates, which always seemed too adult and complicated for me (she and Terry had a complex relationship), whereas there was a feral purity to Fah Lo Suee or Aura that we could understand. If she had the hots for you, man, that was the best hope you had for staying alive and getting laid at the same time. As kids too terrified of rejection to ever ask a girl to make out, Aura's kind of aggressive no-subtlety seduction was a dream come true and Flash the biggest bonehead in existence. On the other hand, if we were Flash, Ming would still be in charge, and we'd be another of Aura's smitten booty call reserves rather than her main obsession.


One of the reasons I liked Suicide Squad was the Aura archetype's re-emergence in the form of Harley Quinn. You can argue that (as per her origin flashbacks) she was driven mad by a man, the Joker, just as Aura was morally bankrupted by father Ming, so it's all just the patriarchy doing its Trilby sexual subjugation number, but you miss the point- i.e. a display of unrepentant feminine enjoyment outside of the parameters of Earth's antiquated morality is no vice, whatever the road it takes to get there. It's like decrying a straight A student's grades as being the product of abusive, overly strict parenting, i.e. a sign of child abuse, and therefore void as a testament of personal worth.

DALE

Dale Arden on the other hand only reacts, and usually is a burden. In at least one instance actually lets Ming escape Flash's wrath: in one scene Flash has Ming at gunpoint, Dale runs up and grabs his arm to embrace him, allowing a guard to grab the gun away and Ming to escape. Aura leaps into the fire when Flash is burning or about to be executed, to go up in flames with him; Dale just faints. Aura saves Flash, never the other way around. Dale's main contribution to Flash's well-being, on the other hand, is to smile when she sees him okay, like a child seeing a puppy gambol towards her across the park. When it should happen that he's facing certain doom, Dale screams: "Flash!" Lurching back and forth on the sets like they're falling down around her-- locked in some expressionist dance, twirling from one mark to the other - assuming theatrical poses and keeping them, motionless, as other actors say their lines-- Dale seems trapped in a kind of expressionist dream theater amber worthy of Brecht or the pre-Goebbels UFA, and not at all dissimilar to Isabelle Adjani in Herzog's Nosferatu remake. It's an odd juxtaposition of blonde innocence and decadent Weimar expressionism, but works to establish her as a kind of inner child /anima figure caught in a dark adult web. Though highly sexualized in her concubine robes, she's nonetheless untouchable, a true dream chimera, the objet petit a around which the Flash-Aura-Ming pinwheel nebula spins.

ELEMENTAL DREAM LOGIC

Laden as it is with unconscious elemental symbolism--sky (floating city; ships) / water (undersea kingdom) / earth (lizards, Bronson) / fire (tunnel dragon, pits, cliffhangers)---the trappings of childhood trauma and anxiety ingeniously cohere in ingeniously frugal art direction showing that when you stick close to the archetypal root, cheapness actually enhances the power. The trappings of daily life, given the merest tweak, can assume nightmare potency.

For example, next time you pass that chapter, consider how Kala the Shark Man's underwater kingdom resembles an ordinary bathroom gone Rarebit Fiend-awry: shower curtains stand in for boudoir walls; water leaks in from behind bolted metal plates as if urgent bladders; windows are laundry machine round. Flash is forced--not into an ocean or lake--but into a large water tank 'tub,' to fight an octopus that looks very much like a wash rag. The shark men who swim towards him are just men wearing a 'fin' ridge on their bathing caps; and they come at him like porpoises across the Olympic swimming pool distance - friend or foe we don't know as we watch them take their Olympic mouth open breaths. This is 'bath time' run amok, a world invented on the spot by a child with his rubber shark and soap suds. In this dream universe, scientific logic equates with the 'seemingly obvious' reasoning of children, i.e. if you fall off the moon you tumble down to Earth; in space you don't need pressurized suits and everyone speaks English so there is no need for translator devices, there's no sense of alternate time from our own earth rotation-tied clock, no need for food or sleep or bathroom breaks; the ocean is perfectly represented by your tub's spatial dimensions, your washrag scuttles across the bottom of the tub and you can feel its vastness through the eyes of your army man.


Another dream logic element is the weird disembodied male voice that shows up regularly to do all the overdubs (narrating, diegetic radio news broadcasts, and occasional actor voices) all done by the same actor through what sounds like a tin microphone invented from before the age of sound recording and spoken into from all the way at the other end of the room, way afield of the rest of the mix (added later by the editor, Saul A. Goodkind [as per imdb]) to fill in common gaps in story and dead spots in the action. if he's the editor himself, or some friend of his or whatever, he's awesome! His attempts to match offscreen character voices are so 'off' they become sublimely surrealistic. Lost in the zone between a commentary track, overdub, and voiceover, his deep slow speaking voice works to enhance the otherworldliness, the dreamy disconnect.

"Maybe you will like my friend, Urso."
My favorite example is when the bear with the white stripe down its back, Urso, comes into King Vultan's throne room to harass Dale, who's still in her sexy Ming-give dress, her bosom heaving, stomach sucked in with terror - she's a luscious, maddeningly enticing vision, especially to a prepubescent boy who hasn't quite made the jump from amoral protean lust to empathic chivalry. Her heaving and Vultan's irritating laughter makes the weird bear so much more disconnected, especially when that disembodied voice comes on, slow and deranged: "You don't like me? Maybe you will like my friend, Urso!" Since the voice is heard alongside the bear's close-up, we're led to wonder, is that the bear talking? Does the voiceover guy even know if he's doing Vultan or the bear? Is it some weird combination? The slow drawl of the voice is heard only when we see the bear close up - which could indicate it's the bear talking (about himself in the third person) or the editor is worried about lips not matching. When Vultan opens the door back up so the beast will leave he gives it a playful slap on the hindquarter and the white (yellow) dust flies up, reassuring us the poor creature wasn't actually painted and it will all come off in the pool.

Meanwhile all through the bear's arrival and departure, Dale heaves against the wall in terror, her lovely exposed midriff like a flag before a bull, driving any red-blooded American boy to a man's level of hypnotized distraction and Vultan laughs in a semi-insane impression of heartiness. It really is like a fledgling dream has spilled right onto the TV out of a fevered 11 year-old's brain, nailing a time when we're not quite old enough to realize how villainous our lascivious response towards her fear really is, with Goodkind's slurring deep voice like some primal father pimp puppeteer.

As for the limits of the special effects, we kids (and this I remember from when it was on local TV in reruns) had enough visualization imagination to fill in the blank space. We didn't need to see an actual octopoid: give us aquarium stock footage of an octopus intercut with what looked like Flash caught in a nest of rubber hoses at the bottom of a swimming pool, and that was enough for us to remember vivid special effects to rival Harryhausen. Crabbe's panicked eyes reminded us of when we felt we were going to drown in swim class, and our imagination filled in the gory details so we remembered tentacles all around Flash, the memory of the scene became far more detailed and vivid than the scene looks now. Today the footage looks very mismatched and sloppy, but Flash's panic (Crabbe was an Olympic swimmer so he knows how to convey fear of drowning) is sharply etched. Budget or no, the filmmakers seem to know how to use a bunch of disparate footage to activate a child's imagination so that more is seen than is actually shown.

Sex of course, is one of those things.

I know it's hard to keep X-rated stuff out of the realm of children today, alas, due to Youtube. But my generation, even in the 70s (we were maybe the last ones) could easily spend the first decade-plus of our childhood in complete sexual darkness, so that our sudden urges towards underwear models in the Sears catalogue seemed rapturously unique to us alone, and since they weren't tied to the tedious mechanics of actual sex, they scaled bizarre sadomasochistic heights, our imagination desperately trying to guess where these pangs were leading us and finding only Freudian punishment scenarios extended into giddy extended riffs.

THE LONGING FOR CLOSURE IS THE CLOSURE

Like in dreams, FLASH's sexual roundelay is never 'resolved' or able to offer a distinct climax and denouement; instead its salient goal, as in dreams, is to keep your attention riveted, so that you are unaware you're asleep. My local newspaper never got the Flash comic strip; not even sure it was running by then... but certainly we knew, too, that feeling of mildly titillating prolonged torture, as long stories in the 'dramatic' strips like Mandrake the Magician, The Phantom and Brenda Starr, inched along, day after day, a few panels at a time, always doubling back to bring new readers up to speed, then stalling out with another cliffhanger. The Flash strip itself seemed pretty risque (above) from what I gleaned in the comic book history tomes at the school library in high school. It was in those books that I knew and loved Little Nemo in Slumberland and, just as those full page Sunday strips ended with Nemo back in bed wondering what he's missing in Slumberland now that he's 'back', there was the aching feeling that our absence was still being felt in the kingdom that our alarm clock had just yanked us out of (the way mom would yell for us to come in for dinner right when we were 'getting somewhere' with a neighborhood game or flirtation.


By now you should, being astute, garnered the connection between the cliffhanger's suspense "Tune in next time, same bat channel" or "Next week at this theater!" or tomorrow's paper, and the delirious longing and frustration that comes from being teased, denied orgasm, made out with but strung along, a brother left hangin' - as it were, sometimes for years. This kind of sexual bait-and-switch is all important in serials for the same reason as it is for dreams - the basic function of the dream being to keep the conscious mind from 'waking up' - as if a movie being made by an internal director who loses his audience the moment the audience realizes it really does need to get up and go to the bathroom or answer the door, that the buzzing isn't spaceships but alarm clocks, so our dream weaver must make the ships sound so much like alarm clocks as to down them out, but not enough in a sense to fool the conscious mind into waking up even earlier than planned.

In this sense too the 'petit mort' of orgasm acts as a 'waking up' - leads sometime to guilt or disgust the way one might have, for example, after eating a big steak and realizing you are now overly full and want the plate taken away asap --three hours later you're still stuck sitting there at the table waiting for the waiter to remove the plate. What was initially so desirable at 8 PM - hhmm-mm hot and juicy, is within an hour reduced to a plate of slowly rotting cut-away fat and grease; the age of the goddess revealed in the sudden guilty chill of post-orgasmic depression as just another broad, the urge to put one's pants back on and bail tempered by the need to not seem like a douchebag. So there you sit, waiting for the check, the chance to bail, be free from a place mere hours before you were dying to be.

The trick around this problem, to avoid that disgust and depression, is to never end the game. Every kid know that no one ever walks away from a game of fake war: the last man standing steps on a mine or is shot by a dying man in the bushes and falls dramatically and only then may all the slain arise and pick new teams. In this sense, there's never a need to just kill opposing forces quickly in order to end the game fast and go home. If Flash has a laser beam rifle in his hand it's only to hold guards captive; to fight he'll put it down, slug it out with pack of guards; or will hold a sword to Ming's throat, only to let him bargain his way out, over and over again. It's a catch and release thing kids understand: it's how you keep the adventure flowing. Once a side wins, it's all done, the 13 chapters are up. That means one thing: time to wake up and go to goddamned school again. All out of excuses.

And just as dreams seemed to be largely repurposed imagery from waking 'content,' as if everything you saw or experienced in school, or the mall, or the back yard whiffle ball game, comprised a casting office and scenery storage palette to draw from for painting your dreams, so Flash repurposed an array of familiar sights and sounds from earlier movies -- particularly from Universal's early horror classics --then in regular local TV rotation so quite familiar to us: there were the long winding stairs of Dracula, the Franz Waxman scores and Frankenstein's lighthouse laboratory; a statue from 1932's The Mummy. The cutaways to the many-armed statue with the scantily-clad maidens writhing on it for example, is seen again and again in the credits and in the serial but plays no part in the evens whatsoever. Still, we all dreamt about it- in its dark strangeness it tapped into a vein of dark adult sex I was scared of but drawn towards, a jagged-edged murky magnet (succeeding where the Eyes Wide Shut orgy fails) pulling me over a cliff, the roller-coaster / looking down from excruciatingly high rooftops base-of-the-spine ticklishness.

As a kid this shot (from 1930's Just Imagine), used in the FG credits, seemed the height of erotic maturity-
giving me the feeling in the pit of my stomach as if going up a very steep roller coaster.
It seemed tied in with the weird icons on the Sgt. Pepper cover, which haunted me, too, as a child
This dream logic bears resemblance to the kind of dreams that always seem to end right as they're about to get 'lucky' (4), like an actual dream of someone right on the lip of the puberty chasm. This comes with its own sense of dread, via the symbol for the churning waves beyond desire's crashing shoreline, marriage.

MING AND MARRIAGE:

A kind of Gengis Khan in latter year post-raid repose, Emperor Ming the Merciless (Charles B. Middleton) on the throne, surrounded by brides and daughter, harkens back to a long line of primal father / barbarian kings. We can uncover racist subtext in his name and style of dress easily but it seems myopic to cast judgment on it for any perceived xenophobia, instead of reaching deep down for the subliminal Freudian Moses and Monotheism reading. Being a resident of Mongo--as the Congo does for Kurtz in Conrad's Heart of Darkness--frees Aura and Ming and the other 'natives' from guilt over lust or attraction. This is a libidinal zone where all sexual desire is allowed and there is no hypocrisy or provincial morality. Ming might be a licentious primal father but he doesn't try to scold or censure his daughter's own uninhibited carnality, regarding it with detached bemusement. And interestingly, Aura is libidinally freer than Ming himself. Though all-powerful, his lusting after Dale still needs marriage to be fulfilled, the same way Dale and Flash would never sleep together before their own ceremony. Both need a ceremonial precursor to any actual sex. While Ming is emperor he is still bound to follow the codes of conduct centered around the great god Tao.

Thus, in the codex of fairy tale symbolism, there's an understanding that once even a hypnotized individual says "I do" (or--as in Flash--when the gong strikes thirteen), their freedom is gone forever, like a limb. Although the 'wedding' is a purely symbolic ceremony with no real biological ultimatum beyond the psychosocial, the marriage ceremony in Flash is more than just a 'green light' for sex, rather it is a substitute. It stands for the entirety of the sexual experience--psychological, physical, and spiritual (one is now eternally 'not' a virgin but also not a whore; a child of a wife is prized scion, eligible for inheritance). On the negative, marriage removes its participants from the social sphere, i.e. the world of mythic romance and freedom (they can't 'come out and play' anymore, as if marriage doubles the parental guard.) Conversely, if they couldn't go out before (due to strict parents, for example), now they can. It means escape from the grasp of an abusive father or wicked stepmother who are forced to release the daughter into the care of a nice guy husband (the parents aren't invited to come along with the bride and set the house rules). If Flash had come to Dale's rescue after the the 13th gong, all relative parties, including the viewer, understand he'd lose Dale forever. We take that idea-- conditioned as we are by the iconography fairy tales--at face value.

Marriage ceremonies are universal mythic instances wherein even the most fallible human relationships are imbued with an all-powerful magic, resolute as any edict of nature, standing in for the socially condoned sexual act in the mind of a child whose birds and the bees knowledge is (hopefully) as yet quite foggy and unformed (you kiss, you get married, and children appear, as if by magic). Until it comes into focus, the marriage ceremony doubles for sex itself --hence Flash's race to stop Dale from saying 'I do' (or the gong striking 13) being as frantic as any other cliffhanger.

the manacles of marriage
Since Ming has numerous wives, marriage on Mongo especially seems to fit this paradigm, a kind of golf ball place marker for the sexual act itself. Especially in the days before it was taught in health class, sex education was something parents handed down to their children only on, or right before, their wedding day; thus marriage in the mind of a child becomes a kind of secret society initiation, an alchemic transubstantiation from child to adult wherein the secret is transmitted. Marriage liberates Cinderella from her wicked stepmother; the Beast is freed from his curse; Ariel leaves the sea. Marriage then is both liberation from old prison and introduction to new one. You are free from the evil father if you marry for love, or bound to the evil husband if you marry while compelled or hypnotized.

It'll all be over in a minute, Godfrey
As with the three sisters archetype, which includes the three brides of Dracula in the 1931 original, the multiple wives or concubines luxuriating around the throne are a sign of a pre-empathic binary moralism, a disregard for Christian or modern values reflecting a lack of empathy similar to what a child feels before morality 'kicks in' (3). Here on Mongo, love doesn't necessarily factor into desire, making it more associated with power and objectification, the 'love' Dale feels for Flash is the polar opposite of the lust Ming feels for Dale; the hearty laugh and mustache twirl at the heroine's fear is part of the turn on. There's no 'sin' to the lust felt by both Ming and Aura -there's no missionary to condemn their lascivious gazing. Note that the other wives of Ming are, for the most part, his loyal agents, holding Dale in place during her hypnotized marriage (above - though maybe they're just happy Ming has shifted focus away from them). It takes a few viewings perhaps to note a small detail (above): at the anticipation of the 13th gong, the priest whips out a set of manacles, and holds them up high in front of the old Ra statue from The Mummy - thus mixing kinky bondage and ancient Egypt, but on a small screen it's so subliminal we'd just miss it yet pick up the dread idea of marriage to Ming as being sexual slavery.

Luckily Flash barges in right in time to sock the gong-striker. Then again, we knew he would since the main thrust of this minute detail is that there's no time for actual sex in Flash Gordon --no marriage ceremony is completed within the serial (there will be several other attempts with different grooms and brides, including Aura hypnotizing Flash in a similar bid), so no sex/honeymoon ever happens. As children, avoiding marriage seems a wise action, but for adults it seems faintly ridiculous that 'marriage' should hold importance on Mongo, especially to either Ming (he makes the rules) or Flash and Dale (not bound by Mongo law), so it's interesting that, for all his power, Ming is bound to the rules of Tao; and Flash and Dale are just muttonheaded enough to feel they must abide by even a forced or coerced marriage's completed ceremony. That it's stopped at the last minute is the equivalent of saving Dale's virginity, as if that magic 13th gong would magically erase it. Flash would be sent home empty handed. The rescue ensures continued childhood: we kids don't lose a playmate to the mysteries of the adult world, at least for another thrill-filled chapter!

FLASH the MISSIONARY
Flash as the Harbinger of WW2 and Maturity 

To this end, Flash comes to Mongo as a kind of monogamy missionary; though he met Dale literally only an hour or so before meeting Aura, he's somehow loyal to her - not out of obligation (they haven't even kissed) but out of a kind of honor-system Earth-to-Earth loyalty. We kids all would have obligingly gone off with Aura, and left Dale to her own devices, and none of this shit would have had to happen. Would it not be like real life, then? Aura and Flash might be ruling Mongo with Dale as Ming's rich widow and all's well. Instead Flash stays true to Dale and in the process he brings in a kind of New World Order of renounced enjoyment. In the two sequels (Trip to Mars and Conquers the Universe) the hems go lower, the clothes get less attractive; the actors age and get unflattering shorter hair cuts and perms. Ming, i.e. the devouring Cronus elder God, naturally sees his chance under all this accruing repression, and when the hems get low enough that the sexual pressure finally erupts, he's ready, up from the underworld.

We were so sure we'd killed or banished our dark Cronus forever that--when he suddenly erupts back from the abyss for the sequels--he easily seizes large chunks of power, joining forces with whatever rising tyrant star needs an advisor (not unlike the escaped Nazi commandoes would do in Palestine after the war). We only then, when Ming returns, do we realize--as if a reverse "dawn of shame in Eden" epiphany --how dull we've become. Ming now struts around clothed in crazy plumes and lascivious facial hair like he's fighting Fredonia at the end of Duck Soup while Flash and Dale seem wider and squarer, as if Earth's gravity has been slowly stretching them. Dale and Aura's censor-sewn dresses and unflattering perms unsex them; even though it's only a four year period from the first serial to Flash Gordon Conquers the Universe, their clothes and hair have been as drained of sex by the dictates of the time as the actors have by time itself. Ming seems the same but his face is frozen in a macabre stony mask, as if he's had plastic surgery, a Ming disguise grafted to his face.

This change, only marked by Ming's 'repressed' return, illustrates the downside of Flash and Dale's Mickey-and-Judy style success in 'civilizing' Mongo, the price of civilization being renunciation of the pleasure enjoyed by the primal father. With their dewey devotion to one another and their allies, Flash and Dale resist 'easy' sexual awakening, and through their missionary 'decency' they liberate Mongo from its tyrannical father figure and the promise of unrestricted libidinal enjoyment. They bring forth that 'totem and taboo' moment of Freud that signals the dawn of western civilization (and the reproductive pair-bond). 

Flash and Dale represent childhood's last gleaming the way the 1936 Aura and eternal Ming represent adulthood's first dirty leer. Each approach has its good and bad points and each both endangers and educates the other. Aura (eventually) learns the value of self-sacrifice in the service of love (i.e. the kind of love wherein you help the object of your desire achieve their union with another if that's who they prefer, rather than force yourself on them by obliterating your rival). By turning around and making a decision to stop chasing after Flash and instead love the shambling lummox who loves her in turn (the tellingly named Prince Barin), Aura brings an end to the chain of pursuit and cliffhanger escape that has been going on all through the first 11 or 12 chapters. She becomes "Aura the Merciful" because--after saving Flash's life nearly as many times as Flash has saved Dale's honor--Aura 'settles' for her side of the planetary tracks. Whether or not she retains any lust for Flash seems moot: she's mature enough to hide it from us if she has - and is this not part and parcel with emotional and sexual maturity? 

"Strangely" in my own personal experience, and I'm sure I'm not alone in this, the arrival of puberty saw the end of my 'decadent desire' phase, and in its place heralded a yen for WW2 stuff (model planes, HO scale armies, etc) which is mirrored in the history of film and censorship and its relation to the actual WW2 vis-a-vis Flash. In other words, as hem lines grew longer for 1940's Conquers the Universe, the country was on its way into war and out of 30s decadence; it's as if war comes along and says hey, there are more important things than arguing with censors. A kind of socialized group positivity becomes necessary. The lone outlaw is replaced by the bomber crew; the lustful sheik is replaced by dutiful husband; Ming deposed by Barin; Flash brings Christianity to the East; the Weimar era trounced by Nazism, the death of the primal father / Old Testament Wrath and arrival of Jesus and an agreed-upon monogamy. Decadence is eclipsed by fascism; sexual freedom eclipsed by slasher movies, the luridness of pre-empathic libidinal Dionysian childhood replaced by the stringent Apollonian joys of war. 

But just as Ming represents the Cronus primal father repressed/killed by his sons (Barrin, Thun, Vultan) who--to avoid civil war--must pay for their crime by collectively renouncing all enjoyment of his power, women, so Flash represents the civilizing force, the John Wayne making things safe for Jimmy Stewart to teach the frontier to read. 

The consolation to this renouncement of unregulated enjoyment is to give birth to the unconscious, where id may reign free (i.e. the serial, comic strip, itself). The cost of the good guys winning, of Flash and self-sacrifice carrying the day, is apparent in the chasteness and desexualized modesty of the fashions and figures upon their return in subsequent sequels. Ming's uninhibited carnal appetite becomes solely the province of "legend." Carnal love desire circle games are replaced by chaste married strategy counsels and formal attire receptions, but hey - we can always read the lurid pulps under our sheets with a flashlight and put in the DVD once the babysitter's paid off and the wife contented in her (separate) bed. 


Natural Selection, Adieu

Hitherto, on Mongo, a natural selection model has been the order - similar to how male lions take over the pride after killing or driving away their predecessor (and his cubs, if any), with the females having no real say in the matter of who their next mate is. Before Flash, natural selection superseded love and monogamy. Flash and Dale buck the trend. They turn enemies into friends by sparing their lives, introducing them to the preferable model of peace and brotherly love. The catch: the monogamous pair bond marks the breaking point of evolution as per Darwin's Natural Selection. The flaws in the natural order/polygamous lion pride system are revealed as requiring a constant flow of chaos unsuited to civilized order. This becomes the non du pere concept: we--the sons --team up to depose our Ming-primal father, and to "free" his harem of wives, but then we renounce our rights to the enjoyment of his brides/harem, and indeed all future such arrangements (if we didn't, we'd be fighting over them nonstop until all were destroyed). This is the tape splice connecting the sides of the Moebius strip -- the bump in the road: what goes up warlord fiefdom comes down Christian monogamy based democracy. Rather than fight over the spoils, we will agree to set the spoils free, to live in peace in monogamy. Clearly, it's the more effective measure, as countries still honoring the old system are more or less stuck at the stone age, the end of biological evolution's tether, yet it is just as clearly something outside of the natural order - evolution has made its masterpiece, the monogamous pair bond ensures less genetic defect (due to incest promoting inherited chromosome issues, ala the hip problems that plague the pug community).

This makes in that sense Flash Gordon if taken as a boy version of Wizard of Oz. In that film, loyalty to Dorothy--and her fresh outsider perspective--binds an array of 'symbolically neutered or non-threatening' male figures to her side--a lion, tin man, scarecrow --and some evil devouring mother wants her shoes, (and as we know, shoes have magic powers within the female unconscious), Flash is helped by (and helps in turn) Lion, hawk, woodsman (sparing their lives in duels often is the key to earning their friendship) etc.--and some evil primal father wants his girl (13). As the new blood / new kid in town / at school / in the land, Dorothy and Flash both act as rallying points for the conglomerations of 'of-themselves' inactive elements (of the subconscious) to band together against the force that has kept them in bondage (i.e. devouring mother / primal father). These elements-- the hanged man, wild man or android/mechanical man --are archetypes - each a valuable source of personal power/advancement within the unconscious - but on their own --inert. The effect of the visitor is galvanizing on all them, the way- say, it is for ET on the suburban household he invades, disrupting the normal flow of events - creating an opportunity for change and profound growth / maturation, and complete destruction and terror as opposing forces rise to meet it.

The demographic for Flash being a little older, the men friends and foes are all eligible bachelor princes and though not neutered, are otherwise dysfunctional and unappetizing compared with mighty Flash: they're either rotund boisterous brigands (Vultan of the Hawk Men), big mustached lummoxes (Prince Barin, rightful ruler of Mongo- he says), little bald gangsters with Egyptian eyebrows (Kala of the Shark Men - though he never becomes a friend), or bandy-legged bushy-bearded hermit-types (Prince Thun of the Lion Men).


ZARKOV

In Flash, a dream version of the children's game 'tag' with its use of a safety zone or 'base'- comes roaring to life. Our sense of 'base' as a place of undisputed neutral safety is an important and oft neglected aspect of adventure and dream mythos (the jail in Rio Bravo, for example). Zarkov's laboratory in the Flash series is generally 'base' - there's a lab for him in each kingdom. Wherever he winds up he's employed making weapons to fight the other teams, like a forerunner to Werner Von Braun, whisked from Nazi V2 lab to found NASA, excused from moral responsibility for any destructive use of his inventions, too important an asset to waste time treating punitively. Completely defanged and desexed, Zarkov is actually the most dangerous of all characters due to his knack for inventions (such as making Flash invisible) but each ruler never doubts their own ability to handle his new technology.

The prison or jail also meas a kind of totally dependent sexual freedom; Zarkov's outfit looks like he's got a sand bag for an ass, or some weird Robin Hood diaper, this combined with the idea of being someone else's slave (this being prior to Roots coming out and making that word far less sexy) brings back a sense of pervese delight similar to the memory of being granted unlimited access to the mother (5), being delivered from the anxiety of action/motion, the agonizing indecision of free will removed, it all coheres around Zarkov who is whisked from one laboratory to another while Flash is subjected to various trials and fights for the animal ruler pleasures.

Sex Lacks- I.E. PHALLIC STAGE 
(The phallus is defined as its own absence)
Longing for the lost Chapter of the Tigron, the rare Topps card.

The fundamental difference is in age, of course, and the pre-adolescent phase of sexuality, when it's all tied in (or used to be) with the fear of physical punishment. Spare the rod, spoil the child was the old motto and to a degree it's true but only insofar as it remains a threat, which carries a druggy, giddy charge of dread, something we forget as adults when we're no longer subject to parental whims (presuming we escaped childhood unmolested). But if, for whatever reason (usually some early sexual act or witnessing of the primal scene) a side effect of this is generally this kind of agitated jouissance, that comes out, for example, in latent adult sadomasochism, books like Fifity Shades of Grey or films like Scarlet Empress (see: Taming the Tittering Tourists
But even if this trajectory around the object produces displeasure (frustration, exhaustion) there is a kind of satisfaction found in this nonetheless. This is one way of understanding jouissance. Freud tells us that the drive is indifferent to its object, and can be satisfied without obtaining it (sublimation). It is not the object itself that is of importance, but what Joan Copjec describes as “a particular mode of attainment, an itinerary the drive must undertake in order to access its object or to gain satisfaction from some other object in its place. There is always pleasure in this detour – indeed this is what pleasure is, a movement rather than a possession, a process rather than an object” (Copjec, UMBR(a): Polemos, 2001, p.150). - What does Lacan say about Jouissance (Owen Huston)
A very young child having his first sexual fantasies usually forms them around a nucleus of bathroom imagery, spanking and other rear end discomfort ("rear" was the dirty word du jour in my Lansdale PA chidhood). (11) Growing up watching Flash on TV, only the warlord and his dozen captured wives social unit seemed a rational social construction (once Flash kills Ming, he will take over ownership of the wives). These relationships still show up in cults (as in the new The Bad Batch) and some countries (or states), but it's not genetically productive - as nature proves. During mating season, the bull walrus regularly spends all day fighting off challengers rather than mating. All day and all night of mating season, his gigantic mass bounders across the beach to repel each new interloper- nothing ever gets 'done' if you know what I mean; meanwhile his vast army of children wind up copulating with one another for lack of options, and the result isn't only the benefit of strongest-only natural selection. Even the strongest fighter might suffer from hip dysplasia, which might, when half-siblings get together, result in full-on deformity. But it's part of the natural order, and so we totally understand (as children) the motivations of lusty Ming (and his predecessor Genghis Kahn whose genes live on in a large percentage of modern Asians); and Aura, more than dopey Flash, as kids, anyway - or at least I did. Ming and Aura are pro-active pre-Christian unrestricted id-expression. The one drawback to it is the constant need to beat back the young buck challengers, which then leads to paranoia.

What makes it kinky however is that this natural selection thing is here reversed. Were Flash to go with Aura and leave Dale to Ming, there would inevitably come a time when some stronger, more manipulative and aggressive girl would come along wanting to steal Flash away from her. Aura could wind up thrown into a pit with a giant dragon and left to die and Flash would dutifully trundle off with this new bitch. So a new kind of assured destruction-sourced loyalty erupts. Rather than go away with the man who kills my husband to get me, I will kill that man.

What it was that I wanted to do with my harem (or would be done to me were I sold to a queen's or princess's harem myself) was vague; in lieu of actual sex my fantasy focused more on ownership and dominance, submission; but it drove me on in a mad elliptical orbit around das ding (finding a great outlet in Charlie's Angels, since the dominant male, Charlie, stays unseen and hence not visualized as a threat - an example of Aaron Spelling's intrinsic genius). (see my Charlie's Angeles episode guide here).


Today both the movie and the serial remain one of the few unvarnished myths of kinky adolescence, and navigating hormonal drives, that in the man 'saying no' to some loose, carnal woman in pursuit of a lofty ideal, the heaving princess blonde, he will ultimately triumph and even lead the fallen woman out of the darkness of evil (or being 'beyond good and evil' as befits her royal status) and into a normal pair-bond from 'her own planet.' So often in the more 'mature' miscegenation fantasias the man and woman sleep together and fall in love (there's no Dale on their desert island), and she has to die, either taking from a blowgun dart meant for him, throwing herself into the volcano to save her people, or... well.... those are the only two options, usually - so the white man can go marry the white girl. But Aura contextualizes herself into framework of the new order brought about by Flash, who bathes like Siegfried in the dragon's blood, or Zarkov's magic ray, and so becomes invisible at will, able to finally de-seat Ming and help benevolent replacements step in - Aura 'settles' for the lummox-y Barin, more like a taller younger Wallace Beery than a Crabbe, but he's good, and well-armored, and loves her unconditionally.

This is, as some analysts point out, the key to happiness, to break the daisy chain of dissatisfied Athenian lovers chasing each other round and round through the enchanted woods, stopping the chase, turning around, and loving the one who loves thee, the one who is not as hot therefore not as vain, less spoiled, therefore more capable; less indulged, therefore more grateful; who is not as aloof, therefore warmer; who is not as bitchy, therefore humbler, etc. And in the process you may observe the behaviors that move you vs. annoy you, that suffocate vs. seduce, that stifle vs. enchant, the win vs. lose you.  And if they find someone else to run off with, could you really give a shit? You'll now be much better equipped to seduce the vain, prissy, and indulged one, and maybe now she'll have missed you chasing her and turned around to chase you. Probably not - but by then, who knows if you'll care.

Face it, whomever you are, whatever gender or orientation, you'd sleep with Aura first and worry about Dale later. Both would probably tire of you both after a few nights and just give you the carte blanche to loaf around the palace, getting high on all the local druggy delicacies. Then you'd set about distracting Ming from Dale with promises of new sensations procurable down on Earth. Everything would be just as it is, only with less responsibility. And then maybe the Tigron, the great best of Mongo, and the poor dragon would all still be alive. Ever think of them, Flash? The poor woman who trained that Tigron since it was a cub, now forced to watch it die at your hands? How many more lives, Flash? That Tigron deserved better, Flash. If you'll excuse me now, I have to wake up.  That buzzing is no ship... it's my alarm. All hail, AURA - QUEEN OF THE UNIVERSE!

NOTES:
1. jouissance-based sexual fantsizing of a phallic stage pre-adolescence (specifically my own such memories filtered via Freud), which are usually kinky and tied in with anal stage retention (toilet training accidents being often the cornerstones of our hitherto unused repressed memory storage cellar), Oedipal jealousy, gender difference, and power/ bondage / dominance games (to counteract the feeling of vulnerability that goes from being a small child). 
2. The most important thing, in my kiddie circle especially, was to lie about your sexual experience and knowledge so since everyone did (since we did, we figured they did too) the truths were taken with the same inwardly-horrified but surface-jaded grain of salt that the lies were, bringing about a collective body of contradictory knowledge and heresy that lives on in adulthood with myth, conspiracy theory, and unsolved crimes.
2.2. would there were a sequel about them for once - we never even learn what happens to the 3 brides after Dracula leaves Transylvania - they only get that one shot.
3. I've written before of my recollection of the moment my own empathy kicked in, and never kicked off again 'til cocaine. 
4. I've still never had a wet dream, to my knowledge, go figure, so maybe I'm the worst unconscious Puritan of all.
5. see 'Mom- A Jail' - This ironically becomes the polarizing locus of anxiety and frustration after puberty - as anything remotely to do with the safety granted by proximity to mother becomes suffocating, the same hormonal drives that bound you to her now repel you. Eventually that dies down of course, once independence is established
7. though I stayed interested in it as a philosophy, and am still enthralled by the idea that sexual heat/desire can transmute pain into pleasure via proximity, sex turning all other intense sensations into pleasure by a kind of reverse-fever (going through alcoholic convulsive withdrawal was, I found, greatly eased with Ginger Lynn movies on TV in the background) I think this should be explored medically as a tool for opiate withdrawal as well (i.e. think of sex while wounded on the battlefield to transmute the pain), though people might object to XXX rated movies in hospitals. On the other hand, I find the trappings of bondage a little ridiculous in films. 
9. The roots of Stockholm syndrome lie in this: a woman who can adapt to sleeping with the warlord who has killed her husband killed is the one who survives to procreate; the genes of the woman who kills herself in protest die with her --thus patrician codes of honor are meant to assuage the guilt of the losing side (deciding woman isn't capable of knowing when to kill herself  -i.e. John Carradine's nearly shooting the 'lady' at the climax of Stagecoach).
10. Roland Barthes, Mythologies
11. See Freud's Theory on Infant Sexuality,
12. See my short story 'Missing the Orgy' somewhere on the web
13. I'm not saying men wish they could collect girls like girls collect shoes, because that would be objectification. But rapey magazines like Esquire subtextually encourage such fantasies through corporate projection (owning a Rolex means you will soon own a gorgeous woman too - as they are shallow things obsessed with signs of wealth)

5 comments:

  1. Another excellent write up. Indeed, I will say, one of your best. The whole tarot deck is laid out and the cards are read out loud. Can you think of any other Rio Bravo "safes"? I have never consciously connected that, but now I am intrigued by that idea, the jail as a safe place. I love Flash Gordon. The modern version, the old ones - which I have never seen the complete story of, will seek them out. A friend of mine went through basic training with Buster Crabbe's grandson or great nephew or something, his last name was Crabbe. When he told me, a couple of years into the service, I was so jealous! Why? What could have possibly rubbed off about that association? It was wasted on him; He didn't even know who Buster Crabbe was! "Yeah, he said his grandfather was in a Tarzan movie..." Olympians used to mean so much more than they do now. (you really are an odd duck Puritan)

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    1. Thanks, Johnny! That's too bad about wasted Crabbe, but kids got no respect for their elders' exploits... mostly. As for the safes, they're all over the place, though mainly with Hawks, like the cafeteria in THE THING!

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  2. I spent all day yesterday periodically reading this, Erich -- I agree, one of your best. As a sign of the synchronicity experienced by mutants like us who are into this old stuff, I've been thinking lately of rewatching the '36 Flash. Like you it's rolled up in memories of my youth -- I discovered it in Feb of '87 when I was 12...I saw a VHS of the first 2 chapters at a K-Mart or something and asked my mom to buy it for me. The bastards were so cheap they only put 2 chapters on 1 tape! I never got any of the other tapes but I watched that one over and over -- in those pre-internet days I was obsessed with seeing more of the serial, but it was never on TV. I was surely one of the few 12 year olds in 1987 who knew who Buster Crabbe was; certainly the only one in my school. But then I also knew who Victor MagLaclen and Freddie Bartholomew were, as that summer I was obsessed with broadcasts of "Professional Soldier" (1937) on AMC...

    Many, many years later I got that Flash Gordon DVD set from Image that has all 3 serials, all in great shape ("The Complete Adventures Of Flash Gordon"). I finally got to watch all the '36 and couldn't believe how entertaining it was. The story goes that the serial performed better than some of Universal's actual movies of the day, and had a budget comparable to one of their average pictures. The story also goes that they got by with so much because Joseph Breen and his goons were more focused on those actual features and considered serials kid's stuff, but after the '36 this was revised. Hell it was revised while the serial was filming -- note that Aura's nipples are plainly visible in the denoument of chapter 1, yet the sequences featuring them are clipped in the recap that opens chapter 2...after which Aura is dressed in a top that isn't see-through anymore.

    In the meantime I'd read the original newspaper strip, which too is much more easily found these days than it was in the '80s. I was impressed with how faithful the serial actually was; the early years of the comic strip have that same weird fire that burns so brightly in the '36 serial...as you say, almost a dream-like ur-text.

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  3. I still haven't watched "Mars" or "Conquers the Universe." I tried with the former but dropped out when the "comedy relief" newsreporter was introduced. I read somewhere that early prints of this one were tinted green, but no copies seem to survive -- would love to see what it looked like. And "Conquers" from my understanding tried to be faithful to the strip, which had changed in the meantime...Alex Raymond's artwork became more and more ornate as the years went on, trading off that weird fire for style. Also as you know Aura again appears in the "Conquers" serial, but it's a different actress -- the actress who played her in the '36 had a sad fate, apparently losing one of her legs in some fashion during WWII (she served in the WACs or something) and dying at a young age in obscurity. But she sure turned the screen on fire in this serial! And let's not forget Dale...the character is annoying, but that actress too knew how to give it her all.

    You know the funny thing is I never even noticed that oddball narration you mention...I mean of course I've heard it, but I guess it never affected me in the same way, probably because I didn't see the chapters you mention until much later in life. Speaking of which I think this is perfect opportunity to break out the DVD and watch it again...perfect to watch with my 5-month old son. Current pediatric philosophy has it that ANY TV WILL ROT YOUR BABY'S BRAIN IRREPARABLY even though parents who let their babies watch TV say it's bs. But I was asking my pediatrician about it and he told me it's just a theory, and the concern is the flashing colors on the screen -- he said "you could just bypass the issue and watch black and white." He was probably joking, but I thought to myself, "That's EXACTLY what I'll do!" No time like the present...

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  4. Thanks Joe! Glad I inspired you to unearth the original - and that you'll be introducing it to your son - that's the perfect age to start on old movies, as I well remember, sort of - the issue these days I think is that the kids have too much access to 'kids shows' and aren't forced to watch older stuff the parents watch since they can always tune out and start going through their phone etc. - Growing up in a one TV house forced us all to experience each others' things - my dad thought Sesame Street was a gas, and he and I bonded over KING KONG one afternoon, Friday night watching stuff like the Hammer Mummy or TROG while mom made popcorn, etc. - those things must not vanish from the earth in an onrush of America's Got Talent and Kardashianism, Amen, by the holy power of the Great God Tao!

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